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Wednesday, April 6, 2022

Types Of Stress: Acute, Episodic & Chronic and Their Effect on Your Health



stress

Stress is a worldwide condition that affects millions of individuals. It impacts a person's health and cognitive, emotional, and behavioural aspects. Your body reacts to a challenge, problem, or demand. Stress can be good in small quantities, such as when it helps you avoid danger or make a deadline. On the other hand, stress can be hazardous to your health if it lasts for an extended period. 

 

Stress isn't always a negative thing. It's what allowed our hunter-gatherer forefathers to live, and it's just as important now. It can be beneficial if it will enable you to escape an accident, fulfill a tight deadline, or maintain your sanity in the face of chaos. We've all experienced stress, yet what one person finds unpleasant may not be the same as what another finds stressful. Public speaking is an example of this. Some people enjoy the rush, while others become immobilized just thinking about it.

 


At the base of the brain, where the hypothalamus is located, it reacts when you are in danger. It transmits nerve and hormone impulses to your adrenal glands, causing them to release a large number of hormones. These hormones are your body's method of preparing you for danger and increasing your survival chances. 

 

Adrenaline is one of these hormones. It's also known as the fight-or-flight hormone or epinephrine. Adrenaline works quickly to: 

• raise your heart rate 

• Increase your pace of breathing 

• Facilitate the utilization of glucose by your muscles 

• constrict blood vessels, allowing blood to flow to the muscles 

• increase perspiration 

• stop the production of insulin


Types of Stress

Based on American Psychological Association, the three types of stress are acute stress, episodic acute stress, and chronic stress. Let's check and find out these conditions in detail.

 

Acute stress

Acute stress is something that everyone goes with. It's the body's first reaction to a new and challenging situation. It's the kind of anxiousness you may feel after avoiding a car accident by a hair's breadth. Acute stress might also result from doing something you take pleasure in and enjoy. It's the somewhat frightening yet thrilling feeling you get on a roller coaster or skiing down a steep mountain. Acute stress symptoms appear suddenly and go abruptly. Irritability, nervousness, sweating, headaches, stomach pains, or a racing heart are all possible symptoms.


Episodic acute stress

Episodic acute stress occurs when you experience acute stress regularly; if you're continuously nervous and worried about things you think might happen, this can happen. Your life may appear chaotic, and you seem to be going from one problem to another. Acute stress symptoms are comparable to episodic acute stress symptoms.; however, they accumulate more often. If not appropriately managed, symptoms can lead to serious health problems such as clinical depression or heart disease.


Chronic stress

Chronic stress is defined as stress that is consistent and lasts for a long time. It is the most detrimental to our general health. Poverty, maltreatment of any type, a bad work environment, a broken marriage or family, or substance misuse can contribute to chronic stress. Chronic stress symptoms might become overpowering or incapacitating. Some people may feel tired, have a change in appetite, have trouble sleeping, have headaches, or have difficulty concentrating. Chronic stress that goes untreated for a long time can have serious repercussions, including insomnia, obesity, heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes.

 

By Joshua Marasigan

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